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International Housing Rights

Video Summary

This video takes a look at housing rights from an international perspective. It will give a brief introduction to what they are and why they are important, including what roles states have to play in realising this, and how citizens can exercise this in cases of violation.


Maartje van Eerd.jpg

Dr Maartje van Eerd

Assistant Professor

Housing and Social Development

Institute for Housing and Urban Development

Erasmus University

Maartje van Eerd is a Human Geographer by profession with extensive experience as a researcher, trainer, and advisor on housing and social development issues. Her PhD research focused on the governance aspects of resettlement in Chennai, India. Her main research interest and expertise is in housing rights, displacement and resettlement and livelihoods.


She currently coordinates a research project on interventions to improve access to (digital) information and livelihoods of poor resettled women and their families in Chennai, India. Besides conducting long term research on the impact of resettlement and incremental development, in collaboration with Anna University in Chennai she has produced a documentary on the gender impact of resettlement. She conducts training and advisory work and research, mostly in the Global South, particularly in South and Southeast Asia and Africa.


Additional Information

  • Wetzstein, S. 2017. “The Global Urban Housing Affordability Crisis.” Urban Studies 54(14): 3159 – 3177. 

  • Rohe, M. 2017. “Tackling the Housing Affordability Crisis.” Housing Policy Debate 27(3): 490- 494. 

  • King, R., M. Orloff, T. Virsilas, and T. Pande. 2017. “Confronting the Urban Housing Crisis in the Global South: Adequate, Secure, and Affordable Housing.” Working Paper. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. 

  • Collier, P, and Anthony J. Venables. 2013. “Housing and Urbanization in Africa: Unleashing a Formal Market Process.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6871. Washington, DC: The World Bank. 



  • UN General Assembly, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 993, p. 3, available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

  • Eide, A. Adequate standard of living, pp. 233-256. In: Moeckli, D., Shah, S., & Sivakumaran, S., (eds). International human rights law. Oxford University Press.

  • UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), Fact Sheet No. 25 (Rev.1), Forced Evictions, 2014, No. 25/Rev.1, available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

  • UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), General Comment No. 4: The Right to Adequate Housing (Art. 11 (1) of the Covenant), 13 December 1991, E/1992/23, available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

  • UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), General Comment No. 7: The right to adequate housing (Art.11.1): forced evictions, 20 May 1997, E/1998/22, available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

  • United Nations, Basic principles and guidelines on development-based evictions and displacement. Annex 1 of the Report of the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, Miloon Kothari, A/HRC/4/18, 5 February 2007. Available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

  • UN General Assembly, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948, 217 A (III), available at: [accessed 28 April 2022]

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